Functional Imaging

Introductory Readings for Dec 1

  • Principles of Neuroscience (2000) eds. Kandel, ER, Schwartz, JH, and Jessel, TM. Chapter 19 Postscript 366-380.
  • Savoy, RL Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) from Encyclopedia of the Brain.
  • Modified Space-Time chart of functional measurement techniques, after Churchland and Sejnowski (1988).
  • Felleman and VanEssen's flattened macaque neocortex

    Original Literature Reading for Dec 1

  • Logothetis NK, Pauls J, Augath M, Trinath T, Oeltermann A. (2001) Neurophysiological investigation of the basis of the fMRI signal. Nature. 412(6843):150-7
  • Sereno, MI, Dale, AM, Reppas, JB, Kwong, KK, Belliveau, JW, Brady, TJ, Rosen, BR, Tootell, RB. (1995) Borders of multiple visual areas in humans revealed by functional magnetic resonance imaging. Science 268: 889-893.
  • Gauthier, I, Skudlarski, P, Gore, JC, Anderson, AW (2000) Expertise for cars and birds recruits brain areas involved in face recognition. Nat Neurosci 3:191-197.
  • Kanwisher, N (2000) Domain specificity in face perception. Nature Neurosci 3: 759-763.

    Optional further readings

  • Tootell, RBH, Tsao, DY, and Vanduffel, W. (2003) Neuroimaging Weighs In: Humans Meet Macaques in "Primate" Visual Cortex J. Neurosci. 23(10): 3981-3989.
  • Tsao DY, Freiwald WA, Tootell RBH, and Livingstone MS (2006) A cortical region consisting entirely of face-selective cells. Science, 311:670-674.
  • Ganis, G, Thompson, WL, Kosslyn, SM (2004) Brain areas underlying visual mental imagery and visual perception: an fMRI study. Cog. Brain Res. 20: 226-241.
  • Kosslyn, SM (2005) Mental images and the brain. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 22:333-347.
  • Kim, SG and Ugurbil, K (1997) Functional magnetic resonance imaging of the human brain. J. Neurosci. Meth. 74: 229-243.
  • Engel, Glover and Wandell (1996). Cerebral Cortex, Vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 181-92.
  • DeYoe, EA, Carman, GJ, Bandettini, P, Glickman, S, Wieser, J, Cox, R, Miller, D, Neitz, J. (1996) Mapping striate and extrastriate visual areas in human cerebral cortex. PNAS 1996 93: 2382-2386.
  • Press, Brewer, Dougherty, Wade and Wandell (2001). Visual Areas and Spatial Summation in Human Visual Cortex. Vision Research 41:1321-1332
  • Kanwisher, McDermott and Chun (1997) The fusiform face area: a module in human extrastriate cortex specialized for face perception. J. Neurosci. 17:4302-4311.
  • Hadjikhani, N, Liu, AK, Dale, AM, Cavanagh, P, Tootell, RBH (1998) Retinotopy and color sensitivity in human visual cortical area V8. Nat. Neurosci. 1:235-241.
  • Brefczynski, JA and DeYoe, EA (1999) A physiological correlate of the 'spotlight' of visual attention. Nat. Neurosci. 2: 370-374.
  • Disbrow, E., Slutsky, D. A., Roberts, T., and Krubitzer, L.A. (2000). Functional MRI at 1.5 Tesla: A comparison of the blood oxygenation level dependent signal and electrophysiology. Proceeding of the National Academy of Science, 97: 9718-9723.
  • Space-Time chart of functional measurement techniques, from Churchland and Sejnowski (1988).

    fMRI Demonstration on Working Memory, Dec 3, IHP 1st floor, Classroom A, 1:15pm

    Please read the papers below for background.
  • Levy R, Goldman-Rakic PS (2000) Segregation of working memory functions within the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Exp Brain Res 133:23-32.
  • Gazzaley, A, Rissman, J, D'Esposito, M (2004) Functional connectivity during working memory maintenance. Cog. Aff. Beh. Neurosci. 4:580-599.

    Introductory Reading for Dec 4

  • Principles of Neuroscience (2000) eds. Kandel, ER, Schwartz, JH, and Jessel, TM. Chapter 20, pp 392-403.
  • Mishkin, M., Ungerleider, L. G., and Macko, K. A. (1983) Object vision and spatial vision: Two cortical pathways. Trends Neurosci. 6: 414-417. [The dorsal and ventral pathways]

    Original Literature Readings for Dec 4

  • Vaina, LM, Soloviev, S (2004) First-order and second-order motion: neurological evidence for neuroanatomically distinct systems. Prog. Brain Res. 144: 197-212. [A QT movie of 2nd order motion], and [some more QT movies of 2nd order motion].
  • Vaina, LM, Solomon, J, Chowdhury, S, Sinha, P, Belliveau, JW (2001) Functional neuroanatomy of biological motion perception in humans. PNAS 98(20): 11656-11661. [Quicktime Movie of Biological Motion, pause the movie and try to retain the perception of the figure (from George Mather)]
  • Rees, G, Wojciulik, E, Clarke, K, Husain, M, Frith, C, Driver, J (2000) Unconscious activation of visual cortex in the damaged right hemisphere of a parietal patient with extinction. Brain 123: 1624-1633.
  • Jennifer K.E. Steeves, Jody C. Culham, Bradley C. Duchaine, Cristiana Cavina Pratesi, Kenneth F. Valyear, Igor Schindler, G. Keith Humphrey, A. David Milner, Melvyn A. Goodale. (2006) The fusiform face area is not sufficient for face recognition: Evidence from a patient with dense prosopagnosia and no occipital face area. Neuropsychologia 44:594-609.

    Optional further readings

  • Vaina LM, Cowey A, Kennedy DK. (1999). "Perception of first- and second-order motion: separable neurological mechanisms?" Human Brain Mapping, 7: 67-77.
  • Perry, RJ, Zeki, S. (2000) The neurology of saccades and covert shifts in spatial attention, An event-related fMRI study. Brain 123(11):2273-2288.
  • Shergill, SS, Bullmore, E, Simmons, A, Murray, R, McGuire, P. (2000) Functional Anatomy of Auditory Verbal Imagery in Schizophrenic Patients With Auditory Hallucinations. Am J Psychiatry 157:1691-1693.